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INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE “DEPORTATIONS IN THE SOVIET UNION 1944-1956. HISTORY AND MEMORY” – Institute of History and Ethnology named after Sh. Sh. Ualikhanov


On June 6, 2024, an international scientific conference “Deportations in the Soviet Union 1944-1956″ was held in Warsaw (Poland). History and Memory”, organized by the Meroshevsky Center and the Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The purpose of the event was to create a space for research on the practice of forced resettlement of nations and ethnic groups in the Soviet Union. Despite its great importance, this problem is practically absent from scientific discourse and mass perception.

Such prominent researchers as Vycishkevich E., Polyan P., Matersky V., Kharatyan G., Shapoval Yu., Kogut A., Apals G., Kashu I., Vyaliki A., Kshishtan B., Kabuldinov Z.E., Ilyasov M., Kalybekova M., Hasanli J., Dzhishkariani and others made discussion reports. Presentations by researchers, including from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, made it possible to compare various characteristics of deportation processes and apply a comparative approach to the study of excesses in the policy of the Soviet government.

Thus, the Warsaw Conference provided an opportunity to consider the issue of deportation more broadly, both from a historical point of view and from the point of view of historical memory research. In addition, it made it possible to link the issue of deportation with the totalitarian policy in the Kazakh SSR.

The memory of the tragedy of post-war deportations in the Soviet Union today is an important part of the identity and history of many peoples of Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus.